Indonesian Citizen, born in 1973. He was appointed as President Director since June 2016. He previously served as our Deputy President Director since 2011 and Chief Financial Officer since 2012. He is also currently a director of PT Krishna Kapital Investama and PT Multi Foresta Investama. He joined our Group in 2004, and held various positions in SWA as the Central Kalimantan operation division head, finance general manager and project manager for palm oil mill development from 2004 to 2011. Prior that, he was a risk manager for Indonesia retail banking in Citibank NA, Indonesia from 2003 to 2004, a strategic alliances product development manager in PT Bank DanamonTbk from 2002 to 2003,an intern in the financial institution group in ING Barings, Amsterdam in 2001 and a management trainee, corporate finance account officer, special asset management account officer and strategic alliances product development manager in PT Bank Universal Tbk from 1996 to 2000.He obtained his Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering from Parahyangan Catholic University, Indonesia in 1996 and his Master's degree in Business Administration and Business Informatics from the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus Graduate School of Management, Rotterdam, The Netherlands in 2002.
Indonesian Citizen, born in 1951. He has served as our Director since 1998. He is also currently a Commissioner or Director of certain of our subsidiaries and a commissioner of PT Pinafal Nusantara. He joined our Group in 1994 as the President Director of SWA, and has since held various positions in our Group. Prior to that, he was a plant general manager from 1994 to 1997 and production manager from 1986 to 1991 in PT Sumalindo Lestari Jaya Tbk, a deputy director in PT Astra Agro Lestari from 1991 to 1994, a spark plug section manager in PT Nippon Denso Indonesia in 1985 and a staff director in PT Astra International from 1983 to 1984. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in Electrotechnics from RWTH Aachen University, Germany in 1982.
Indonesian Citizen, born in 1957. He has served as our Director since 2001 and is also currently a Director of TKPI and PT Pinafal Nusantara. He joined our Group in 1999 as a senior general manager of operations in DSN, a position he held until 2001. Prior to that, he held various positions as the department head of engineering, the division head of engineering, the division head of production, the division head of engineering (quality control) and the division head of plant administration in Toyota Astra Motor between 1985 and 1998. He obtained his Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dortmund, Germany in 1984.